Some thoughts from the past relevant to
Adapted from PHYS-L listserv posting, Oct. 27, 1995
"Science Concepts behind High Technology
Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons.
--Popular Mechanics, forecasting the relentless march of science, 1949.
I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.
--THOMAS WATSON, chairman of IBM, 1943.
I have traveled the length and breadth of this country and talked with
the best people, and I can assure you that data processing is a fad that
won't last out the year.
--The editor in charge of business books for Prentice Hall, 1957.
But what ... is it good for?
--Engineer at the Advanced Computing Systems Division of IBM, 1968,
commenting on the microchip.
There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.
--KEN OLSON, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp.,
This 'telephone' has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered
as a means of communication. The device is inherently of no value to
--Western Union internal memo, 1876.
The wireless music box has no imaginable commercial value. Who would
pay for a message sent to nobody in particular?
--David Sarnoff's associates in response to his urgings for investment
in the radio in the 1920s.
The concept is interesting and well-formed, but in order to earn better
than a 'C,' the idea must be feasible.
--A Yale University management professor in response to Fred Smith's
paper proposing reliable overnight delivery service. (Smith went on to
found Federal Express Corp.)
Who the hell wants to hear actors talk?
--H. M. WARNER, Warner Brothers, 1927.
Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible.
--LORD KELVIN, president, Royal Society, 1895.
If I had thought about it, I wouldn't have done the experiment. The
literature was full of examples that said you can't do this.
--SPENCER SILVER on the work that led to the unique adhesives for 3-M
So we went to Atari and said, 'Hey, we've got this amazing thing, even
built with some of your parts, and what do you think about funding
us? Or we'll give it to you. We just want to do it. Pay our salary,
we'll come work for you.' And they said, 'No.' So then we went to
Hewlett-Packard, and they said, 'Hey, we don't need you. You haven't
got through college yet.'
--Apple Computer Inc. founder STEVE JOBS on attempts to get Atari and
H-P interested in his and Steve Wozniak's personal computer.
Professor Goddard does not know the relation between action and
reaction and the need to have something better than a vacuum against
which to react. He seems to lack the basic knowledge ladled out daily
in high schools.
--1921 New York Times editorial about Robert Goddard's revolutionary
Drill for oil? You mean drill into the ground to try and find oil?
--Drillers who Edwin L. Drake tried to enlist to his project to drill
for oil in 1859.
Airplanes are interesting toys but of no military value.
--MARECHAL FERDINAND FOCH, Professor of Strategy, Ecole Superieure
Everything that can be invented has been invented.
--Charles H. Duell, Commissioner, U.S. Office of Patents, 1899.
640K ought to be enough for anybody.
-- Bill Gates, 1981.
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Last updated Sept. 29, 1996.
Copyright George Watson, Univ. of Delaware, 1996.