PHYS345 Electricity and Electronics

Resistivity

The resistance of a conductor depends on material and geometry. These effects may be separated by considering the resistivity of the material.

Refer to the Play-Doh Experiment

Resistance of a Cylindrical Conductor
Formula for Resistance of a Cylindrical Conductor

The proportionality constant rho is the resistivity of the conductor, a material property, not a geometrical one. L is the length of the cylinder and A is its cross-sectional area.

There is a wide range of resistivities available, from as low as 10-8 ohm-m for pure metals to as high as 1017 ohm-m for an excellent insulator.


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"http://www.physics.udel.edu/~watson/phys345/class/2-resistivity.html"
Last updated Sept. 2, 1998.
Copyright George Watson, Univ. of Delaware, 1998.