Publications
  1. Phan, T. D., B. Lavraud, J. S., Halekas, M. Řieroset, J. F. Drake, J. P. Eastwood, M. A. Shay, S. D. Bale, D. Larson, R. Livi, P. L. Whittlesey, A. Rahmati, M. Pulupa, M. D. McManus, J. L. Verniero, J. W. Bonnell, M. Stevens, A. W. Case, et al., Prevalence of Magnetic Reconnection in the near-Sun Heliospheric Current Sheet, Astronomy & Astrophysics, In Press, 2021, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039863
    Manuscript


  2. Eastwood, J. P., M. V. Goldman, T. D. Phan, J. E. Stawarz, P. A. Cassak, J. F. Drake, D. Newman, B. Lavraud, M. A. Shay, R. E. Ergun, J. L. Burch, D. J. Gershman, B. L. Giles, P. A. Lindqvist, R. B. Torbert, R. J. Strangeway, and C. T. Russell, Energy Flux Densities near the Electron Dissipation Region in Asymmetric Magnetopause Reconnection, Physical Review Letters, 125, 265102, 2020, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.265102.
    Manuscript


  3. Adhikari, S., M. A. Shay, T. N. Parashar, P. Sharma Pyakurel, W. H. Matthaeus, D. Godzieba, J. E. Stawarz, J. P. Eastwood, and J. T. Dahlin, Reconnection from a Turbulence Perspective, Physics of Plasmas, 27, 042305, 2020, doi:10.1063/1.5128376.
    Manuscript


  4. Phan, T. D., S. D. Bale, J. P. Eastwood, B. Lavraud, J. F. Drake, M. Oieroset, M. A. Shay, M. Pulupa, M. Stevens, R. J. MacDowall, A. W. Case, D. Larson, J. Kasper, P. Whittlesey, A. Szabo, K. E. Korreck, J. W. Bonnell, T. D. de Wit, K. Goetz, P. R. Harvey, T. S. Horbury, R. Livi, D. Malaspina, K. Paulson, N. E. Raouafi, and M. Velli, Parker Solar Probe In Situ Observations of Magnetic Reconnection Exhausts during Encounter 1, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 246,34, 2020, doi:10.3847/1538-4365/ab55ee.
    Manuscript


  5. Ergun, R. E., N. Ahmadi, L. Kromyda, S. J. Schwartz, A. Chasapis, S. Hoilijoki, F. D. Wilder, P. A. Cassak, J. E. Stawarz, K. A. Goodrich, D. L. Turner, F. Pucci, A. Pouquet, W. H. Matthaeus, J. F. Drake, M. Hesse, M. A. Shay, R. B. Torbert, and J. L. Burch, Particle Acceleration in Strong Turbulence in the Earth's Magnetotail, The Astrophysical Journal, 898, 153, 2020, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab9ab5.
    Manuscript


  6. Liang, H., P. A. Cassak, S. Servidio, M. A. Shay, J. F. Drake, M. Swisdak, M. R. Argall, J. C. Dorelli, E. E. Scime, W. H. Matthaeus, V. Roytershteyn, and G. L. Delzanno, Decomposition of Plasma Kinetic Entropy into Position and Velocity Space and the Use of Kinetic Entropy in Particle-in-Cell Simulations, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, 082903, 2019, doi:10.1063/1.5098888.
    Manuscript


  7. Ergun, R. E., S. Hoilijoki, N. Ahmadi, S. J. Schwartz, F. D. Wilder, J. F. Drake, M. Hesse, M. A. Shay, H. Ji, M. Yamada, D. B. Graham, P. A. Cassak, M. Swisdak, J. L. Burch, R. B. Torbert, J. C. Holmes, J. E. Stawarz, K. A. Goodrich, S. Eriksson, R. J. Strangeway, and O. LeContel, Magnetic Reconnection in Three Dimensions: Modeling and Analysis of Electromagnetic Drift Waves in the Adjacent Current Sheet, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 124, p. 10,085, 2019, doi:10.1029/2019JA027275.
    Manuscript


  8. Sharma Pyakurel, P., M. A. Shay, T. D. Phan, W. H. Matthaeus, J. F. Drake, J. M. Tenbarge, C. C. Haggerty, K. Klein, P. A. Cassak, T. N. Parashar, M. Swisdak, and A. Chasapis, Transition from ion-coupled to electron-only reconnection: Basic physics and implications for plasma turbulence, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, 082307, 2019; doi:10.1063/1.5090403
    Manuscript


  9. Stawarz, J. E., J. P. Eastwood, T. D. Phan, I. L. Gingell, M. A. Shay, J. L. Burch, R. E. Ergun, B. L. Giles, D. J. Gershman, O. Le Contel, P.-A. Lindqvist, C. T. Russell, R. J. Strangeway, R. B. Torbert, M. R. Argall, D. Fischer, W. Magnes, and L. Franci, Properties of the Turbulence Associated with Electron-only Magnetic Reconnection in Earth’s Magnetosheath, The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 877, L37, 2019, doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ab21c8
    Manuscript


  10. Øieroset, M., T. D. Phan J. F. Drake J. P. Eastwood S. A. Fuselier R. J. Strangeway C. Haggerty M. A. Shay M. Oka S. Wang L.-J. Chen I. Kacem B. Lavraud V. Angelopoulos J. L. Burch R. B. Torbert R. E. Ergun Y. Khotyaintsev P. A. Lindqvist D. J. Gershman B. L. Giles C. Pollock T. E. Moore C. T. Russell Y. Saito L. A. Avanov W. Paterson, Reconnection With Magnetic Flux Pileup at The Interface Of Converging Jets At The Magnetopause, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 1937, 2019, doi.org/ 10.1029/2018GL080994
    Manuscript


  11. Torbert, R. B., J. L. Burch, T. D. Phan, M. Hesse, M. R. Argall, J. Shuster, R. E. Ergun, L. Alm, R. Nakamura, K. J. Genestreti, D. J. Gershman, W. R. Paterson, D. L. Turner, I. Cohen, B. L. Giles, C. J. Pollock, S. Wang, L.-J. Chen, J. E. Stawarz, J. P. Eastwood, K. J. Hwang, C. Farrugia, I. Dors, H. Vaith, C. Mouikis, A. Ardakani, B. H. Mauk, S. A. Fuselier, C. T. Russell, R. J. Strangeway, T. E. Moore, J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, Y. V. Khotyaintsev, P.-A. Lindqvist, W. Baumjohann, F. D. Wilder, N. Ahmadi, J. C. Dorelli, L. A. Avanov, M. Oka, D. N. Baker, J. F. Fennell, J. B. Blake, A. N. Jaynes, O. Le Contel, S. M. Petrinec, B. Lavraud, and Y. Saito, Electron-scale dynamics of the diffusion region during symmetric magnetic reconnection in space, Science, 362, 1391, 2018, doi:10.1126/science.aat2998.
    Manuscript


  12. Parashar, T. N., A. Chasapis, R. Bandyopadhyay, R. Chhiber, W. H. Matthaeus, B. Maruca, M. A. Shay, J. L. Burch, T. E. Moore, B. L. Giles, D. J. Gershman, C. J. Pollock, R. B. Torbert, C. T. Russell, R. J. Strangeway, and V. Roytershteyn, Kinetic Range Spectral Features of Cross Helicity Using the Magnetospheric Multiscale Spacecraft, Physical Review Letters, 121, 265101, 2018, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.265101.
    Manuscript


  13. Bandyopadhyay, R., A. Chasapis, R. Chhiber, T. N. Parashar, W. H. Matthaeus, M. A. Shay, B. A. Maruca, J. L. Burch, T. E. Moore, C. J. Pollock, B. L. Giles, W. R. Paterson, J. Dorelli, D. J. Gershman, R. B. Torbert, C. T. Russell, and R. J. Strangeway, Incompressive Energy Transfer in the Earth’s Magnetosheath: Magnetospheric Multiscale Observations, The Astrophysical Journal, 866, 106, 2018, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aade04.
    Manuscript


  14. Maruca, B. A., A. Chasapis, S. P. Gary, R. Bandyopadhyay, R. Chhiber, T. N. Parashar, W. H. Matthaeus, M. A. Shay, J. L. Burch, T. E. Moore, C. J. Pollock, B. J. Giles, W. R. Paterson, J. Dorelli, D. J. Gershman, R. B. Torbert, C. T. Russell, and R. J. Strangeway, MMS Observations of Beta-dependent Constraints on Ion Temperature Anisotropy in Earth’s Magnetosheath, The Astrophysical Journal, 866, 25, 2018, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aaddfb.
    Manuscript


  15. Parashar, T. N., W. H. Matthaeus, and M. A. Shay, Dependence of Kinetic Plasma Turbulence on Plasma β, The Astrophysical Journal, 864, L21, 2018, doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aadb8b.
    Manuscript


  16. Eastwood, J. P., R. Mistry, T. D. Phan, S. J. Schwartz, R. E. Ergun, J. F. Drake, M. Øieroset, J. E. Stawarz, M. V. Goldman, C. Haggerty, M. A. Shay, J. L. Burch, D. J. Gershman, B. L. Giles, P. A. Lindqvist, R. B. Torbert, R. J. Strangeway, and C. T. Russell, Guide Field Reconnection: Exhaust Structure and Heating, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 4569, 2018, doi:10.1029/2018GL077670.
    Manuscript


  17. Haggerty, C. C., M. A. Shay, A. Chasapis, T. D. Phan, J. F. Drake, K. Malakit, P. A. Cassak, and R. Kieokaew, The reduction of magnetic reconnection outflow jets to sub-Alfvénic speeds, Physics of Plasmas, 25, 102120, 2018, doi:10.1063/1.5050530.
    Manuscript


  18. Liu, Y.-H., M. Hesse, P. A. Cassak, M. A. Shay, S. Wang, and L.-J. Chen, On the Collisionless Asymmetric Magnetic Reconnection Rate, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 45, 3311, 2018, doi:10.1002/2017GL076460.
    Manuscript


  19. Phan, T. D., J. P. Eastwood, M. A. Shay, J. F. Drake, B. U. Ö. Sonnerup, M. Fujimoto, P. A. Cassak, M. Øieroset, J. L. Burch, R. B. Torbert, A. C. Rager, J. C. Dorelli, D. J. Gershman, C. Pollock, P. S. Pyakurel, C. C. Haggerty, Y. Khotyaintsev, B. Lavraud, Y. Saito, M. Oka, R. E. Ergun, A. Retino, O. Le Contel, M. R. Argall, B. L. Giles, T. E. Moore, F. D. Wilder, R. J. Strangeway, C. T. Russell, P. A. Lindqvist, and W. Magnes, Electron magnetic reconnection without ion coupling in Earth's turbulent magnetosheath, Nature, Vol. 557, p. 202, 2018, doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0091-5.
    Manuscript


  20. Burch, J. L., R. E. Ergun, P. A. Cassak, J. M. Webster, R. B. Torbert, B. L. Giles, J. C. Dorelli, A. C. Rager, K.-J. Hwang, T. D. Phan, K. J. Genestreti, R. C. Allen, L.-J. Chen, S. Wang, D. Gershman, O. Le Contel, C. T. Russell, R. J. Strangeway, F. D. Wilder, D. B. Graham, M. Hesse, J. F. Drake, M. Swisdak, L. M. Price, M. A. Shay, P.-A. Lindqvist, C. J. Pollock, R. E. Denton, and D. L. Newman, Localized Oscillatory Energy Conversion in Magnetopause Reconnection, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 45, p. 1237, 2018, doi:10.1002/2017GL076809.
    Manuscript


  21. M. A. Shay, C. C. Haggerty, W. H. Matthaeus, T. N. Parashar, M. Wan, and P. Wu, Turbulent heating due to magnetic reconnection, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 25, 012304, doi:10.1063/1.4993423, 2018.
    Manuscript


  22. C. C. Haggerty, T. N. Parashar, W. H. Matthaeus, M. A. Shay, Y. Yang, M. Wan, P. Wu, and S. Servidio, Exploring the statistics of magnetic reconnection X-points in Kinetic Particle-in-Cell (PIC) Turbulence, Physics of Plasmas, 24, 102308, 2017, doi:10.1063/1.5001722.
    Manuscript


  23. Sharma Pyakurel, P., M. A. Shay, C. C. Haggerty, T. N. Parashar, J. F. Drake, P. A. Cassak, and S. P. Gary, Super-Alfvenic Propagation and Damping of Reconnection Onset Signatures, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), Vol. 123, p. 341, 2018, doi:10.1002/2017JA024606.
    Manuscript


  24. Cassak, P. A., K. J. Genestreti, J. L. Burch, T.-D. Phan, M. A. Shay, M. Swisdak, J. F. Drake, L. Price, S. Eriksson, R. E. Ergun, B. J. Anderson, V. G. Merkin, and C. M. Komar, The Effect of a Guide Field on Local Energy Conversion During Asymmetric Magnetic Reconnection: Particle-in-Cell Simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), Vol. 122, p. 11, 2017, doi:10.1002/2017JA024555.
    Manuscript


  25. Cassak, P. A., Y.-H. Liu, and M. A. Shay, A review of the 0.1 reconnection rate problem, Journal of Plasma Physics, Vol. 83, 715830501, 2017, doi:10.1017/S0022377817000666.
    Manuscript


  26. Shepherd, L. S., P. A. Cassak, J. F. Drake, J. T. Gosling, T.-D. Phan, and M. A. Shay, Structure of Exhausts in Magnetic Reconnection with an X-line of Finite Extent, The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 848, p. 90, 2017, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa9066.
    Manuscript


  27. M. Řieroset, T. D. Phan, M. A. Shay, C. C. Haggerty, M. Fujimoto, V. Angelopoulos, J. P. Eastwood, and F. S. Mozer, THEMIS multispace- craft observations of a reconnecting magnetosheath current sheet with symmetric boundary conditions and a large guide field, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, p. 7598–7606, 2017, doi:10.1002/2017GL074196.
    Manuscript


  28. Dargent, J., N. Aunai, B. Lavraud, S. Toledo-Redondo, M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, and K. Malakit, Kinetic simulation of asymmetric magnetic reconnection with cold ions, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, 5290, 2017, doi:10.1002/2016JA023831
    Manuscript


  29. Ek-in, S., K. Malakit, D. Ruffolo, M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, Effects of a Guide Field on the Larmor Electric Field and Upstream Electron Anisotropy in Collisionless Asymmetric Magnetic Reconnection, Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 845, p. 113, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa7f2c
    Manuscript


  30. Ergun, R. E., L.-J. Chen, F. D. Wilder, N. Ahmadi, S. Eriksson, M. E. Usanova, K. A. Goodrich, J. C. Holmes, A. P. Sturner, D. M. Malaspina, D. L. Newman, R. B. Torbert, M. R. Argall, P.-A. Lindqvist, J. L. Burch, J. M. Webster, J. F. Drake, L. Price, P. A. Cassak, M. Swisdak, M. A. Shay, D. B. Graham, R. J. Strangeway, C. T. Russell, B. L. Giles, J. C. Dorelli, D. Gershman, L. Avanov, M. Hesse, B. Lavraud, O. Le Contel, A. Retino, T. D. Phan, M. V. Goldman, J. E. Stawarz, S. J. Schwartz, J. P. Eastwood, K.-J. Hwang, R. Nakamura, and S. Wang, Drift waves, intense parallel electric fields, and turbulence associated with asymmetric magnetic reconnection at the magnetopause, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 2978, 2017, DOI:10.1002/2016GL072493.
    Manuscript


  31. Stawarz, J. E., J. P. Eastwood, A. Varsani, R. E. Ergun, M. A. Shay, R. Nakamura, T. D. Phan, J. L. Burch, D. J. Gershman, B. L. Giles, K. A. Goodrich, Y. V. Khotyaintsev, P.-A. Lindqvist, C. T. Russell, R. J. Strangeway, and R. B. Torbert, Magnetospheric Multiscale analysis of intense field-aligned Poynting flux near the Earth's plasma sheet boundary, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, p. 7106, 2017, doi:10.1002/2017GL073685.
    Manuscript


  32. Liu, Y., M. Hesse, F. Guo, W. Daughton, H. Li, P. A. Cassak, and M. A. Shay, Why does steady-state magnetic reconnection have a maximum local rate of order 0.1? Physical Review Letters, 118, 085101, 2017, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.085101.
    Manuscript


  33. Mistry, R., J. P. Eastwood, C. C. Haggerty, M. A. Shay, T. D. Phan, H. Hietala, and P. A. Cassak, Observations of Hall Reconnection Physics Far Downstream of the X Line, Physical Review Letters, 117, 185102, 2016, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.185102.
    Manuscript


  34. Haggerty, C. C., Ion and Electron Heating During Magnetic Reconnection in Simulations, PhD Thesis, University of Delaware, December, 2016.
    PhD Thesis


  35. Phan, T. D., M. A. Shay, C. C. Haggerty, J. T. Gosling, J. P. Eastwood, M. Fujimoto, K. Malakit, F. S. Mozer, P. A. Cassak, M. Oieroset, and V. Angelopoulos, Ion Larmor radius effects near a reconnection X line at the magnetopause: THEMIS observations and simulation comparison, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, 2016, doi:10.1002/2016GL070224.
    Manuscript


  36. Phan, T. D., J. P. Eastwood, P. A. Cassak, M. Øieroset, J. T. Gosling, D. J. Gershman, F. S. Mozer, M. A. Shay, M. Fujimoto, W. Daughton, J. F. Drake, J. L. Burch, R. B. Torbert, R. E. Ergun, L. J. Chen, S. Wang, C. Pollock, J. C. Dorelli, B. Lavraud, B. L. Giles, T. E. Moore, Y. Saito, L. A. Avanov, W. Paterson, R. J. Strangeway, C. T. Russell, Y. Khotyaintsev, P. A. Lindqvist, M. Oka, F. D. Wilder, MMS observations of electron-scale filamentary currents in the reconnection exhaust and near the X line, Geophysics Research Letters, Vol. 43, p. 6060, 2016, doi:10.1002/2016GL069212
    Manuscript


  37. Øieroset, M., T. D. Phan, C. Haggerty, M. A. Shay, J. P. Eastwood, D. J. Gershman, J. F. Drake, M. Fujimoto, R. E. Ergun, F. S. Mozer, M. Oka, R. B. Torbert, J. L. Burch, S. Wang, L. J. Chen, M. Swisdak, C. Pollock, J. C. Dorelli, S. A. Fuselier, B. Lavraud, B. L. Giles, Y. Saito, L. A. Avanov, W. paterson, R. J. Strangeway, C. T. Russell, Y. Khotyaintsev, P. A. Lindqvist, and K. Malakit, MMS observations of large guide field symmetric reconnection between colliding reconnection jets at the center of a magnetic flux rope at the magnetopause, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 5536, 2016, doi:10.1002/2016GL069166.
    Manuscript


  38. Ergun, R. E., K. A. Goodrich, F. D. Wilder, J. C. Holmes, J. E. Stawarz, S. Eriksson, A. P. Sturner, D. M. Malaspina, M. E. Usanova, R. B. Torbert, P.-A. Lindqvist, Y. Khotyaintsev, J. L. Burch, R. J. Strangeway, C. T. Russell, C. J. Pollock, B. L. Giles, M. Hesse, L. J. Chen, G. Lapenta, M. V. Goldman, D. L. Newman, S. J. Schwartz, J. P. Eastwood, T. D. Phan, F. S. Mozer, J. Drake, M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, R. Nakamura, and G. Marklund, Magnetospheric Multiscale Satellites Observations of Parallel Electric Fields Associated with Magnetic Reconnection, Physical Review Letters, 116, 235102, 2016 doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.235102.
    Manuscript


  39. Ergun, R. E., J. C. Holmes, K. A. Goodrich, F. D. Wilder, J. E. Stawarz, S. Eriksson, D. L. Newman, S. J. Schwartz, M. V. Goldman, A. P. Sturner, D. M. Malaspina, M. E. Usanova, R. B. Torbert, M. Argall, P.-A. Lindqvist, Y. Khotyaintsev, J. L. Burch, R. J. Strangeway, C. T. Russell, C. J. Pollock, B. L. Giles, J. J. C. Dorelli, L. Avanov, M. Hesse, L. J. Chen, B. Lavraud, O. Le Contel, A. Retino, T. D. Phan, J. P. Eastwood, M. Oieroset, J. Drake, M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, R. Nakamura, M. Zhou, M. Ashour-Abdalla, and M. André, Magnetospheric Multiscale observations of large-amplitude, parallel, electrostatic waves associated with magnetic reconnection at the magnetopause, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 5626, 2016 doi:10.1002/2016GL068992.
    Manuscript


  40. Eriksson, S., F. D. Wilder, R. E. Ergun, S. J. Schwartz, P. A. Cassak, J. L. Burch, L.-J. Chen, R. B. Torbert, T. D. Phan, B. Lavraud, K. A. Goodrich, J. C. Holmes, J. E. Stawarz, A. P. Sturner, D. M. Malaspina, M. E. Usanova, K. J. Trattner, R. J. Strangeway, C. T. Russell, C. J. Pollock, B. L. Giles, M. Hesse, P.-A. Lindqvist, J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, R. Nakamura, and G. T. Marklund, Magnetospheric Multiscale Observations of the Electron Diffusion Region of Large Guide Field Magnetic Reconnection, Physical Review Letters, 117, 015001, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.015001, 2016.
    Manuscript


  41. Burch, J. L. et al., R. B. Torbert, T. D. Phan, L.-J. Chen, T. E. Moore, R. E. Ergun, J. P. Eastwood, D. J. Gershman, P. A. Cassak, M. R. Argall, S. Wang, M. Hesse, C. J. Pollock, B. L. Giles, R. Nakamura, B. H. Mauk, S. A. Fuselier, C. T. Russell, R. J. Strangeway, J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, Yu. V. Khotyaintsev, P.-A. Lindqvist, G. Marklund, F. D. Wilder, D. T. Young, K. Torkar, J. Goldstein, J. C. Dorelli, L. A. Avanov, M. Oka, D. N. Baker, A. N. Jaynes, K. A. Goodrich, I. J. Cohen, D. L. Turner, J. F. Fennell, J. B. Blake, J. Clemmons, M. Goldman, D. Newman, S. M. Petrinec, K. J. Trattner, B. Lavraud, P. H. Reiff, W. Baumjohann, W. Magnes, M. Steller, W. Lewis, Y. Saito, V. Coffey and M. Chandler, Electron-scale measurements of magnetic reconnection in space, Science, Vol. 352, aaf2939, 2016, doi:10.1126/science.aaf2939
    Manuscript


  42. Eastwood, J. P., T. D. Phan, P. A. Cassak, D. J. Gershman, C. Haggerty, K. Malakit, M. A. Shay, R. Mistry et al., Ion-scale secondary flux-ropes generated by magnetopause reconnection as resolved by MMS, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, p. 4716, 2016, doi:10.1002/2016GL068747.
    Manuscript


  43. Shay, M. A., T. D. Phan, C. C. Haggerty, M. Fujimoto, J. F. Drake, K. Malakit, P. A. Cassak, and M. Swisdak, Kinetic signatures of the region surrounding the X-line in asymmetric (magnetopause) reconnection, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, p. 4145, 2016, doi 10.1002/2016GL069034.
    Manuscript


  44. Haggerty, C. C., M. A. Shay, J. F. Drake, T. D. Phan, and C. T. McHugh, The competition of electron and ion heating during magnetic reconnection, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, p. 9657, 2015. doi:10.1002/2015GL065961
    Manuscript
    Supplementary Material

  45. Parashar, T. N., W. H. Matthaeus, M. A. Shay, and M. Wan, Transition from Kinetic to MHD Behavior in a Collisionless Plasma, The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 811, p. 112, 2015. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/112
    PDF format

  46. Wan, M., W. H. Matthaeus, V. Roytershteyn, H. Karimabadi, T. Parashar, P. Wu, and M. A. Shay, Intermittent Dissipation and Heating in 3D Kinetic Plasma Turbulence, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 114, 175002, 2015. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.175002.
    PDF format

  47. Phan, T. D., M. A. Shay, J. P. Eastwood, V. Angelopoulos, M. Oieroset, M. Oka, and M. Fujimoto, Establishing the Context for Reconnection Diffusion Region Encounters and Strategies for the Capture and Transmission of Diffusion Region Burst Data by MMS, Space Science Review, DOI 10.1007/s11214-015-0150-2, Special Issue for MMS Meeting, 2015.
    PDF format

  48. Cassak, P. A., R. N. Baylor, R. L. Fermo, M. T. Beidler, M. A. Shay, M. Swisdak, J. F. Drake, and H. Karimabadi, Fast magnetic reconnection due to anisotropic electron pressure, Physics of Plasmas, 22, 020705 (2015); doi: 10.1063/1.4908545
    PDF format

  49. Meyer, J. C., Structure of the Diffusion Region in Three Dimensional Magnetic Reconnection, PhD Thesis, University of Delaware, 2015.
    PDF format

  50. Shay, M. A., C. C. Haggerty, T. D. Phan, J. F. Drake, P. A. Cassak, P. Wu, M. Oieroset, M. Swisdak, and K. Malakit, Electron Heating During Magnetic Reconnection: A Simulation Scaling Study, Physics of Plasmas, 21, 122902, 2014. doi: 10.1063/1.4904203.
    PDF format

  51. Phan, T. D., J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, J. T. Gosling, G. Paschmann, J. P. Eastwood, M. Oieroset, M. Fujimoto, and V. Angelopoulos, Ion bulk heating in magnetic reconnection exhausts at Earth's magnetopause: Dependence on the inflow Alfvén speed and magnetic shear angle, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 7002, doi:10.1002/2014GL061547, 2014.
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  52. Matthaeus, W. H., S. Oughton, K. T. Osman, S. Servidio, M. Wan, S. P. Gary, M. A. Shay, F. Valentini, V. Roytershteyn, H. Karimabadi, S. C. Chapman, Nonlinear and Linear Timescales near Kinetic Scales in Solar Wind Turbulence, Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 790, 155, 2014. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/790/2/155
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  53. Eastwood, J. P., Phan, T. D., Oieroset, M. Shay, M. A., Malakit, K., Swisdak, M. M., Drake, J. F., and A. Masters, Influence of boundary conditions on the magnetic reconnection diffusion region in collisionless space plasmas, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 55, 124001, 2013.
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  54. Phan, T. D., M. A. Shay, J. T. Gosling, M. Fujimoto, J. F. Drake, G. Paschmann, M. Oieroset, J. P. Eastwood, and V. Angelopoulos, Electron bulk heating in magnetic reconnection at Earth's magnetopause: Dependence on the inflow Alfven speed and magnetic shear, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, 50917, doi:10.1002/grl.50917, 2013.
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  55. Wu, P., M. Wan, W. H. Matthaeus, M. A. Shay, and M. Swisdak, von Karman energy decay and heating of protons and electrons in a kinetic plasma, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 111, 121105, 2013.
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  56. Malakit, K., M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, and D. Ruffolo, A New Electric Field in Asymmetric Magnetic Reconnection, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 111, 135001, 2013.
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  57. Cassak, P. A., J. F. Drake, J. T. Gosling, T.-D. Phan, M. A. Shay, and L. S. Shepherd, On the Cause of Supra-Arcade Downflows, Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 775, L14, 2013.
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  58. Donato, S., S. Servidio, P. Dmitruk, F. Valentini, A. Greco, P. Veltri, M. Wan, M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, and W. H. Matthaeus, Overview on numerical studies of reconnection and dissipation in the solar wind, AIP Conference Proceedings, Proceedings of Solar Wind 13, Vol. 1539, p. 99, 2013.
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  59. Eastwood, J. P., T. D. Phan, J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, A. L. Borg, and M. G. G. T. Taylor, Energy partition in magnetic reconnection in Earth's magnetotail, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 110, 225001, 2013.
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  60. Wu, P., S. Perri, K. Osman, M. Wan, W. H. Matthaeus, M. A. Shay, M. L. Goldstein, H. Karimabadi, and S. Chapman, Intermittent Heating in Solar Wind and Kinetic Simulations, Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 763, p. L30, 2013.
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  61. Wan, M., W. H. Matthaeus, H. Karimabadi, V. Roytershteyn, M. Shay, P. Wu, W. Daughton, B. Loring, and S. C. Chapman, Intermittent Dissipation at Kinetic Scales in Collisionless Plasma Turbulence, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 109, 195001, 2012.
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  62. Karimabadi, H., V. Roytershteyn, M. Wan, W. H. Matthaeus, W. Daughton, P. Wu, M. Shay, B. Loring, J. Borovsky, E. Leonardis, S. Chapman, and T. K. M. Nakamura, Coherent structures, intermittent turbulence and dissipation in high-temperature plasmas, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, 012303, 2013.
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  63. Donato, S., S. Servidio, P. Dmitruk, V. Carbone, M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, and W. H. Matthaeus, Reconnection events in two-dimensional Hall magnetohydrodynamics turbulence, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, 092307, 2012.
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  64. Eastwood, J. P., T. -D. Phan, R. C. Fear, D. G. Sibeck, V. Angelopoulos, M. Oieroset, and M. A. Shay, Survival of flux transfer event (FTE) flux ropes far along the tail magnetopause, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 117, A08222, 2012
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  65. Malakit, K., Asymmetric Magnetic Reconnection: A Particle-in-Cell Study, PhD Thesis, University of Delaware, 2012. Note: This is not a Shay publication, but is here simply for completeness.
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  66. Wu, P., and M. A. Shay, Magnetotail dipolarization front and associated ion reflection: particle-in-cell simulations, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, L08107, 2012.
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  67. Oieroset, M., T. D. Phan, J. P. Eastwood, M. Fujimoto, W. Daughton, M. Shay, V. Angelopoulos, F. S. Mozer, J. P. McFadden, D. E. Larson, and K. -H. Glassmeier, Direct evidence for a three-dimensional magnetic flux rope flanked by two active magnetic reconnection X-lines at the Earth's magnetopause, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 107, 165007, 2011
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  68. Wu, P., M. A. Shay, T. D. Phan, M. Oieroset, and M. Oka, Effect of inflow density on ion diffusion region of magnetic reconnection: Particle-in-cell simulations, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 18, 111204, 2011
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  69. Servidio, S., Dmitruk, P., Greco, A., Wan, M., Donato, S., Cassak, P. A., Shay, M. A., Carbone, V., Matthaeus, W. H., Magnetic reconnection as an element of turbulence, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, Vol. 18, p. 675-695, 2011.
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  70. Parashar, T. N., On kinetic Dissipation in Collisionless Turbulent Plasmas, PhD Thesis, University of Delaware, 2011. Note: This is not a Shay publication, but is here simply for completeness.
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  71. Parashar, T. N., S. Servidio, M. A. Shay, B. Breech, and W. H. Matthaeus, Effect of driving frequency on excitation of turbulence in a kinetic plasma, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 18, 092302, 2011.
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  72. Baylor, R. N., P. A. Cassak, S. Christe, I. G. Hannah, Sam Krucker, D. J. Mullan, M. A. Shay, H. S. Hudson, and R. P. Lin, Estimates of densities and filling factors from a colling time analysis of solar microflares observed with RHESSI, The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 736, 75, 2011
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  73. Shay, M. A., J. F. Drake, J. P. Eastwood, and T. D. Phan, Super-Alfvenic propagation of substorm reconnection signatures and Poynting flux,, Physics Review Letters, Vol. 107, 065001, 2011.
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  74. Cassak, P. A., and M. A. Shay, Magnetic reconnection for Coronal Conditions: Reconnection Rates, Secondary Islands, and Onset, Space Science Reviews, DOI 10.1007/s11214-011-9755-2, 2011
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  75. Parashar, T. N., S. Servidio, B. Breech, M. A. Shay, and W. H. Matthaeus, Kinetic Driven Turbulence: Structure in Space and Time, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, 102304, 2010.
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  76. Malakit, K., M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, C. Bard, Scaling of asymmetric magnetic reconnection: Kinetic particle-in-cell simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research , Vol. 115, A10223, 2010.
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  77. Eastwood, J. P., M. A. Shay, T. D. Phan, and M. Oieroset, Asymmetry of the ion diffusion region Hall electric and magnetic fields during guide field reconnection: Observations and comparison with simulations, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 104, 205001, 2010.
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  78. Eastwood, J. P., T. D. Phan, M. Oieroset, and M. A. Shay, Average properties of the magnetic reconnection ion diffusion region in the Earth's magnetotail: 2001-2005 Cluster observations and comparison with simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research , Vol. 115, A08215, 2010.
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  79. Cassak, P. A., M. A. Shay, and J. F. Drake, A saddle-node bifurcation model of magnetic reconnection onset, Physics of Plasmas , Vol. 17, 062105, 2010.
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  80. Servidio, S., W. H. Matthaeus, M. A. Shay, P. Dmitruk, P. A. Cassak, and M. Wan, Statistics of magnetic reconnection in Two-Dimensional Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence, Physics of Plasmas , Vol.17, 032315, 2010.
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  81. Cassak, P. A., Shay, M. A., and J. F. Drake, Scaling of Sweet-Parker Reconnection with Secondary Islands, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 16, 120702, 2009.
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  82. Servidio, S., M. A. Shay, W. H. Matthaeus, P. Dmitruk, P. A. Cassak, and M. Wan, Properties of magnetic reconnection in MHD turbulence, Proceedings of the Solar Wind 12 Conference, edited by M. Maksimovic, K. Issautier, N. Meyer-Vernet, M. Moncuquet and F. Pantellini, p. 198, 2010.
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  83. Parashar, T. N., S. Servidio, M. A. Shay, W. H. Matthaeus, and P. A. Cassak, Orszag Tang vortex - Kinetic study of a turbulent plasma, Proceedings of the Solar Wind 12 Conference, edited by M. Maksimovic, K. Issautier, N. Meyer-Vernet, M. Moncuquet and F. Pantellini, p. 304, 2010.
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  84. Drake, J. F., P. A. Cassak, M. A. Shay, M. Swisdak, E. Quataert, A Magnetic Reconnection Mechanism for Ion Acceleration and Abundance Enhancements in Impulsive Flares, The Astrophysics Journal, Vol. 700, p. L16, 2009.
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  85. Drake, J. F., M. Swisdak, T. D. Phan, P. A. Cassak, M. A. Shay, S. T. Lepri, R. P. Lin, E. Quartaert, T. H. Zurbuchen, Ion heating resulting from pickup in magnetic reconnection exhausts, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, A05111, doi:10.1029/2008JA013701, 2009.
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  86. Cassak, P. A. and M. A. Shay, Response to "Comment on 'Scaling of Asymmetric Magnetic Reconnection: General Theory and Collisional Simulations'", Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 16, 034702, 2009.
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  87. Servidio, S., W. H. Matthaeus, M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, and P. Dmitruk, Magnetic reconnection in two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic turbulence, Physical Research Letters, Vol. 102, 115003, 2009.
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  88. Malakit, K., P. A. Cassak, M. A. Shay, and J. F. Drake The Hall effect in magnetic reconnection: Hybrid vs. Hall-less hybrid simulations, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, L07107, doi:10.1029/2009GL037538, 2009.
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  89. Parashar, T. N., M. A. Shay, P. A. Cassak, and W. H. Matthaeus, Kinetic dissipation and anisotropic heating in a turbulent collisionless plasma, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 16, 032310, 2009.
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  90. Cassak, P. A. and M. A. Shay, Structure of the dissipation region in fluid simulations of asymmetric magnetic reconnection, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 16, 055704, 2009.
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  91. Cassak, P. A. and M. A. Shay, The scaling of asymmetric hall magnetic reconnection, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 35, L19102, doi:10.1029/2008GL035268, 2008.
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  92. Drake, J. F., M. A. Shay, and M. Swisdak, The Hall fields and fast magnetic reconnection, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, 042306, 2008.
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  93. Cassak, P. A., D. J. Mullan, and M. A. Shay, From Solar and Stellar Flares to Coronal Heating: Theory and Observations of How Magnetic Reconnection Regulates Coronal Conditions, The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 676, L69, 2008.
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  94. Phan, T. D., J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, F. S. Mozer, and J. P. Eastwood, Evidence for an elongated (> 60 ion skin depths) electron diffusion region during fast magnetic reconnection, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 99, 255002, 2007.
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  95. Cassak, P. A. and M. A. Shay, Scaling of Asymmetric Magnetic Reconnection: General Theory and Collisional Simulations, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 14, 102114, 2007.
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  96. Shay, M. A., J. F. Drake, and M. Swisdak, Two-scale structure of the electron dissipation region during collisionless magnetic reconnection, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 99, 155002, 2007.
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  97. Drake, J. F. and M. A. Shay, Fundamentals of Collisionless Reconnection, in Reconnection of Magnetic Fields: Magnetohydrodynamic and Collisionless Theory and Observations, edited by J. Birn and E. Priest, p. 87, Cambridge University Press, 2007.
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  98. Eastwood, J., T. Phan, F. S. Mozer, M. A. Shay, M. Fujimoto, A. Retino, M. Hesse, A. Balogh, E. A. Lucek, and I. Dandouras, Multipoint observations of the Hall electromagnetic field and secondary island formation during magnetic reconnection, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, A06235, doi:10.1029/2006JA012158, 2007.
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  99. Cassak, P. A., J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, and B. Eckhardt, Onset of Fast Magnetic Reconnection, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 98, 215001, 2007.
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  100. Cassak, P. A., J. F. Drake, and M. A. Shay, Catastrophic onset of fast magnetic reconnection with a guide field, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 14, 054502, 2007.
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  101. Shay, M. A., J. F. Drake, and B. Dorland, Equation free projective integration: A multiscale method applied to a plasma ion acoustic wave, Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 226, p. 571, 2007.
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  102. Shay, M. and M. J. Wiltberger, Magnetospheric dynamics -- Models and observations at multiple scales, Advances in Space Research, Vol. 38, p. 1571, 2006.
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  103. Drake, J. F., M. Swisdak, H. Che, and M. A. Shay, Electron acceleration from contracting magnetic islands during reconnection, Nature, Vol. 443, p. 553, doi:10.1038/nature05116, 2006.
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  104. Cassak, P. A., J. F. Drake, ands M. A. Shay, A model for spontaneous onset of fast magnetic reconnection, The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 644, L145, 2006.
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  105. Sullivan, B. P., B. N. Rogers, and M. A. Shay, The scaling of forced collisionless reconnection, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 12, 122312, 2005.
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  106. Shay, M. A. and M. Swisdak, Reply to Comment on "Three-Species Collisionless Reconnection: Effect of O+ on Magnetotail Reconnection," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 95, 099501, 2005.
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  107. Cassak, P. A., M. A. Shay, and J. F. Drake, A catastrophe model for fast magnetic reconnection onset, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 95, 235002, 2005.
    can also be found at arXiv: physics/0502001
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  108. Drake, J. F., M. A. Shay, W. Thongthai, and M. Swisdak, Production of energetic electrons during magnetic reconnection, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 94, 095001, 2005.
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  109. Swisdak, M., J. F. Drake, J. G. McIlhargey, and M. A. Shay, The transition from anti-parallel to component magnetic reconnection, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 110, A05210, doi: 10.1029/2004JA010748, 2005.
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  110. Jemella, B. D., J. F. Drake, and M. A. Shay, Singular structure of magnetic islands resulting from reconnection, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, No. 12, December, p.5668, 2004. 
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  111. Shay, M. A. and M. Swisdak, Three species collisionless reconnection: Effect of O+ on magnetotail reconnection, Physical Review Letters,  Vol. 93, No. 17, 175001, 2004. 
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  112. Goodrich, C. C., A. L. Sussman, J. G. Lyon, M. A. Shay, and P. A. Cassak, The CISM code coupling strategy, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 66, p. 1469, 2004. 
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  113. Shay, M. A., J. F. Drake, M. Swisdak, and B. N. Rogers, The scaling of embedded collisionless reconnection, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, No. 5, p. 2199, 2004.
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  114. Ohtani, S., M. A. Shay, and T. Mukai, The temporal structure of the fast convective flow in the plasma sheet: Comparison between observations and two-fluid simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 109, A03210, doi:10.1029/2003JA010002, 2004.
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  115. Jemella, B. D., M. A. Shay, J. F. Drake, and B. N. Rogers, Impact of Frustrated Singularities on Magnetic Island Evolution, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 91, No. 12, 125002, 2003.
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  116. Swisdak, M., B. N. Rogers, J. F. Drake, and M. A. Shay, Diamagnetic suppression of component magnetic reconnection at the magnetopause, Journal of Geophysical Research , Vol. 108, No. A5, p. 1218, doi:10.1029/2002JA009726, 2003.
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  117. Shay, M. A., J. F. Drake, M. Swisdak, W. Dorland, and B. N. Rogers, Inherently three dimensional magnetic reconnection: A mechanism for bursty bulk flows? Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, No. 6, 1345,p. 78-1, doi:10.1029/2002GL016267, 2003.
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  118. Drake, J. F., M. Swisdak, C. Cattell, M. A. Shay, B. N. Rogers, and A. Zeiler, Formation of electron holes and particle energization during magnetic reconnection, Science, Vol. 299, p. 873, Feb. 7, 2003.
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  119. Zeiler, A., Biskamp, D., Drake, J. F., Rogers, B. N., Shay, M. A., Scholer, M., Three-dimensional particle simulations of collisionless magnetic reconnection, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 107, Number A9, 1230, doi:10.1029/2001JA000287, 2002.
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  120. Rogers, B. N., Denton, R. E., Drake, J. F., Shay, M. A., Role of Dispersive Waves in Collisionless Magnetic Reconnection, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 87, Number 19, 195004, Nov. 5, 2001.
    Postscript format
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  121. Birn, J., J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, B. N. Rogers, R. E. Denton, M. Hesse, M. Kuznetsova, Z. W. Ma, A. Bhattacharjee, A. Otto, and P. L. Pritchett, Geospace Environmental Modeling (GEM) Magnetic Reconnection Challenge, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106, No. A3, Pages 3715-3719, March 1, 2001.
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  122. Shay, M. A., J. F. Drake, B. N. Rogers, R. E. Denton, Aflvenic collisionless magnetic reconnection and the Hall term, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106, No. A3, Pages 3759-3772, March 1, 2001.
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  123. Rogers, B. N., J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, The onset of turbulence in 3D collisionless magnetic reconnection, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 27, No.19, Pages 3157-3160, October 1,2000.
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  124. Shay, M. A., The Dynamics of Collisionless, Magnetic Reconnection , Doctoral Thesis, University of Maryland, 1998.
    Postscript format
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  125. Shay, M. A., J. F. Drake, B. N. Rogers, R. E. Denton The scaling of collisionless, magnetic reconnection for large systems, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 26, No.14, Pages 2163-2166, July 15, 1999.
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  126. Shay, M. A., J. F. Drake, The role of electron dissipation on the rate of collisionless magnetic reconnection, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 25, No. 20, Pages 3759-3762, October 15, 1998.
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  127. Shay, M. A., J. F. Drake, R. E. Denton, D. Biskamp, Structure of the dissipation region during collisionless magnetic reconnection, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 103, No. A5, Pages 9165-9176, May 1, 1998.
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